The Three Regions of the 13 Colonies
|| Map of the 13 Colonies
- The number of people differed among the colony regions; the amount
of land in the colonies also differed among the regions with small
numbers of people on huge tracts of land.
- The first European colonists didn't know how big North America was
because they didn't have a map of the continent.
- The three geographic regions
of the 13 Colonies were the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies,
and the Southern Colonies.
The New England
- The four original New England Colonies were :
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
The Environment of the New England Colonies
- The climate of the New England Colonies was colder than the other
two colonial regions because
they were the farthest north.
- The climate was a positive factor for the colonists in the New
England Colonies; it prevented the spread of life-threatening
- The climate was a negative factor for the colonist in the New England
Colonies; the severe winters killed many people.
- The geography of New England was mostly hills with rocky soil.
The natural resources of the New England Colonies
- The natural resources of the New England Colonies included fish,
whales, trees and furs.
- The natural resources were more important than agricultural
crops to colonists in New England because of poor, rocky soil and
the short growing season.
Religion in the New England Colonies
- The main function of New England towns was to support the religion
of the Puritans.
- Religious freedom in Puritan colonies did not exist. The Puritan's
world view did not tolerate other religions.
The Environment of the Southern Colonies
- The climate of the Southern Colonies was the warmest climate of
the three colonial regions.
- The warmer climate was a positive factor for the colonists in the
Southern Colonies. They didn't worry as much about surviving cold
- The warmer climate was a negative factor for the colonists in the
Southern Colonies; the warm, moist climate carried diseases that killed
- The geography of the Southern Colonies which had a broad, coastal
plain that was hilly and covered with forests.
- The natural resources of the Southern Colonies included rich farm
land, forests and fish.
Religion in the Middle Colonies
- There was more religious freedom in the Middle Colonies than in
New England. No single church or religion dominated
in the Middle Colonies.
Contrasts Between the North and the South
- The environment impacted the economy and agriculture in the New
England Colonies; farming was not as important for making a living
because of climate and geography.
- The environment also impacted the economy and agriculture of the
Southern Colonies; farming was an important way to make a living because
of it's climate and geography.
- The differences between the New England Colonies and the Southern
Colonies in agriculture included the climate and geography.
Agriculture influences trade
- The difference between the New England Colonies and the Southern
Colonies in agriculture: Southern colonists exported agricultural
products and New England colonists imported agricultural products.
- The New England Colonies looked to their natural resources as a
way to make a living; the environment forced them to look for other
ways to make a living other than farming.
- The Southern Colonies didn't develop all their natural resources
as a way to make a living; there was excellent soil for farming income,
so there was no need to develop natural resources for manufacturing.
- The differences in manufacturing occurred between the Southern Colonies
and the New England Colonies: The Southern Colonies developed their
main natural resource, their farmland, and not much manufacturing;
- the opposite occurred in New England.